Timbro Authoritarian Populism Index 2017
The 2017 Timbro Authoritarian Populism Index is the only Europe-wide comprehensive study that aims to shed light on whether populism poses a long-term threat to European liberal democracies.
The Index explores the rise of authoritarian populism in Europe by analysing electoral data from 1980 to the summer 2017. As data show, Authoritarian-Populism has overtaken Liberalism and has now established itself as the third ideological force in European politics, behind Conservatism/Christian Democracy and Social Democracy. Hungary, Poland and Greece are the European countries where anti-establishment parties are the strongest.
At the same time, nine European countries (including seven EU Member States) have populist parties in government. On average, around a fifth of the European electorate now vote for a left- or right-wing populist party. In other words, 55.8 million people voted for this parties during each European country’s latest general elections.
Timbro’s Annual Index
The globally aware index of populism in Europe has been released: the Timbro Authoritarian Populism Index 2017. The index charts the successes of all populist parties in Europe from 1980 to June 2017. Since 2015, support for populist parties has been record high, and since 2010, left-wing populism is growing faster than right-wing populism.
Popularist parties are recognized in opposition to power sharing, the idea of a homogeneous people with consistent interests and irreconcilable criticism of the “elite”. They have an authoritarian view of democracy that threatens many of the values that have formed the core of European democracy, “said Andreas Johansson Heinö, who has written the report.
Last year, the index was noted in the magazine The Economist, and it has also been translated into several languages, including Greek, Spanish and English.
“Peak Populism” has become a concept for those who wanted to see the adversities of Wilders and Le Pen as a sign that the populist wave reached its peak. But today populist parties have grips with Poland, Hungary and Greece. In France, populists won more votes than Emmanuel Macron in the presidential election. In Italy, Beppe Grillo’s Five-Star Movement is the largest party in the measurements, and in Sweden, Sweden’s Democrats are the second largest in almost every measure, “concludes Andreas Johansson Heinö.
The conclusions of the report in brief
- Authoritative populism has taken over liberalism’s place as the third ideological force in European politics.
- The voter support for populist parties remains at record levels, but has not increased since 2015.
- Right populism is twice as strong as left-wing population, but while right-wing population has stagnated, support for left-wing populism has doubled since 2010.
- Hungary, Poland and Greece are still the three countries with the strongest support for populist parties. The weakest is the support in Montenegro, Malta and Iceland.
- Antidemocratic parties are still marginalized, but have received slightly increased support over the past year.
TIMBRO is a free market ‘think tank’ and ‘book publisher’ based in Stockholm, Sweden
Their mission is to promote and disseminate ideas supporting the principles of free markets, free enterprise, individual liberty and a free society.
TIMBRO was founded in 1978 and is the largest free market think tank in the Nordic countries with approximately 20 employees. Its mission is to build opinion in favor of market economy, free entrepreneurship, individual freedom and an open society.
They publish works from classic liberal thinkers such as Ayn Rand, Milton Friedman and Friedrich Hayek, make policy recommendations in our reports and produce films and podcasts as well as organize educational programs for young people. Many of Timbro’s employees are frequent commentators in national and international media.
Each year They complete two studies in English: Timbro’s Populist Index, which maps the rise of populist parties in Europe, and, together with the think tank Epicenter, the Nanny State Index, which maps the level of paternalism in politics.
All of their reports that have been translated to English can be found here.
Since 2003 Timbro has been financed by the Foundation for Free Enterprise. In 2013 the foundation received a renewed grant from the Confederation of Swedish Enterprise to manage the funds in a standalone and responsible way.
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