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November, 2017

 

Company Recruiting Professionals To Participate In Multi-Continent Travel And Career Development Experience

Tap International Introduces Program Allowing Talented Millennials To Get Paid To Travel And Network Like A CEO

Flickr - boellstiftung - Laptop auf dem Schoß

Want to work remotely, travel the world and advance your career?

Time and Place International Inc. (TAP) allows talented millennials – from various companies and industries – a chance to visit three continents in three months while working for their current employer from a laptop, attending professional development seminars and learning from industry leaders along the way.

TAP organizes everything travelers need including accommodation, co-working space, networking, social activities, volunteer and professional development opportunities. Travelers connect with global business leaders, top government officials, and people who’ve affected change through non-profit work.

According to Boston Consulting Group research, 75 percent of millennials want to travel abroad as much as possible. Additionally, according to Gallup, 87 percent of millennials believe professional development is important in a job. More than ever, young employees want to travel. TAP scratches that adventure itch and helps businesses retain top talent.

“In today’s age of technology it is common practice for co-workers to email, call, text, and video chat in real time throughout the workday – forms of communication that are just as effective outside the office,” said Founder and CEO Mike Jones Jr.

Jones was inspired to begin TAP while working as a corporate attorney during the holidays. He noticed there wasn’t a big difference between working from home and at the office. “There’s so much more to life and business than staying still in one office in one city,” Jones continued. “Executives are constantly traveling, learning best practices, and networking; why not make that available to everyone? Why should travel be reserved for the rich and the old? We don’t think it should be, which is why we created a melting pot of global knowledge for our participants to TAP into”.

Businesses can sign up a specific number of employees, or individuals can join themselves.

TAP is accepting motivated professionals from a diverse array of companies, industries, and locations to be a part of its inaugural class.

For more information, visit website: tapinternational.co

[Source: Tap International -/- Media Relations]
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Research Study Reveals That Allergens Are Widespread In US Homes

Allergens Widespread In Largest Study of U.S. Homes

Allergicconjunctivitis

Allergens are widespread, but highly variable in U.S. homes, according to the nation’s largest indoor allergen study to date. Researchers from the National Institutes of Health report that over 90 percent of homes had three or more detectable allergens, and 73 percent of homes had at least one allergen at elevated levels. The findings(link is external) were published November 30 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

“Elevated allergen levels can exacerbate symptoms in people who suffer from asthma and allergies, so it is crucial to understand the factors that contribute,” said Darryl Zeldin, M.D., senior author and scientific director at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), which is part of NIH.

Using data from the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), the researchers studied levels of eight common allergens – cat, dog, cockroach, mouse, rat, mold, and two types of dust mite allergens – in the bedrooms of nearly 7,000 U.S. homes.

They found that the presence of pets and pests had a major influence on high levels of indoor allergens. Housing characteristics also mattered – elevated exposure to multiple allergens was more likely in mobile homes, older homes, rental homes, and homes in rural areas.

For individual allergens, exposure levels varied greatly with age, sex, race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Differences were also found between geographic locations and climatic conditions. For example, elevated dust mite allergen levels were more common in the South and Northeast, and in regions with a humid climate. Levels of cat and dust mite allergens were also found to be higher in rural areas than in urban settings.

To provide a more complete picture, the research team also compared allergen exposure and previously reported sensitization patterns from this survey. Sensitization, which makes a person’s immune system overreactive to allergens, may increase the risk of developing allergies and asthma. NHANES 2005-2006 allowed national level comparisons of exposure and sensitization for the first time.

The team uncovered several differences. Although males and non-Hispanic blacks were less likely to be exposed to multiple allergens, sensitization was more common in these groups, compared to females and other racial groups, respectively. Patterns also differed for urban and rural settings. Exposure to several elevated allergens was most prevalent in rural areas, whereas sensitization rates were shown to be higher in urbanized areas.

Overlaps were also found. For dust mite allergens, exposure and sensitization was most prevalent in the Southern and Northeastern regions, and for cockroach allergen in the South. Patterns also reflected socioeconomic variations, especially for pet and cockroach allergens, according to lead author Paivi Salo, Ph.D., of NIEHS.

The researchers emphasized that the relationships between allergen exposures, allergic sensitization, and disease are complex. Studies are still investigating how allergen exposures interact with other environmental and genetic factors that contribute to asthma and allergies.

In the meantime, the following preventive actions may help reduce exposure to indoor allergens and irritants.

  • Vacuuming carpets and upholstered furniture every week.
  • Washing sheets and blankets in hot water every week.
  • Encasing mattresses, pillows, and box springs in allergen-impermeable covers.
  • Lowering indoor humidity levels below 50 percent.
  • Removing pets from homes or at least limiting their access to bedrooms.
  • Sealing entry points and eliminating nesting places for pests, as well as removing their food and water sources.

“Asthma and allergies affect millions of Americans,” said Salo. “We hope this comprehensive study provides beneficial information to a wide audience, from patients to clinicians.”

NIEHS supports research to understand the effects of the environment on human health and is part of NIH. For more information on environmental health topics, visit https://www.niehs.nih.gov. Subscribe to one or more of the NIEHS news lists to stay current on NIEHS news, press releases, grant opportunities, training, events, and publications.

About:
The National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation’s medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes, treatments, and cures for both common and rare diseases.

For more information about NIH and its programs, visit www.nih.gov.

Reference

Salo P, Wilkerson J, Rose KM, Cohn RD, Calatroni A, Mitchell HE, Sever ML, Gergen PJ, Thorne PS, Zeldin DC. 2017. Bedroom allergen exposures in US households. J Allergy Clin Immunol; doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2017.08.033(link is external) [Online 30 November 2017].

[Source: NIH -/- Media Relations]
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Brazil Seeks To Attract More Foreign Investments For Infrastructure

Delegation led by Moreira Franco, head of General Secretariat of the Presidency, plans to establish new business in the Brazilian infrastructure sector

Moreira franco

A delegation of high-level Brazilian officials embarked for Frankfurt (Germany) this week aiming to attract more infrastructure investments to Brazil. The delegation features several cabinet members, including the head of the General Secretariat of the Presidency, Moreira Franco, Finance Minister Henrique Meirelles, Transport Minister Maurício Quintella and Mines and Energy Minister Fernando Bezerra.

The group will attend a seminar and take the opportunity to promote Brazil in foreign markets and attract new investments.

Held by Apex-Brasil in partnership with the Brazilian government, Banco do Brasil and Deutsche Bank, the Investment Opportunities in Brazil seminar begins on Thursday (30). At the occasion, the Brazilian delegation will also meet with German businessmen who have business in the country.

The trip is part of the Investment Partnership Programme (PPI), which consolidates several infrastructure concession and privatisation initiatives of the federal government.

Moreira Franco argued that one of the core factors driving the resumption of growth in the country is the creation of jobs and the expansion of incomes, which will only be possible to maintain with more investments. “With Brazilian and foreign capital, with all those who can bring us technology, knowledge and increased productivity. That is how we are going to move forward, and move forward now,” he said.

Complexo Industrial e Portuário de Suape (photo05)

Essential for foreign trade, maritime transport advances in Brazil

Investing in maritime shipping is essential to make a country strong and relevant in foreign trade. This year alone, the Brazilian government will either auction or extend concession contracts for eight ports as part of the Investment Partnerships Program (PPI). One of the main terminals involved is the Rio de Janeiro Wheat Terminal, with forecasts of R$ 93.1 million in investments over the next few years.

With most of its exports in the form of agricultural goods, Brazil needs port terminals that can allow its massive volumes of trade output, especially for products like soybean and maize, to flow quickly to their destinations.

More than 90% of all international trade is done by sea, as per data from the International Chamber of Shipping.

According to the entity, without this form of freight transport, it would be impossible to close deals and expand foreign trade. Currently, more than 50,000 merchant ships carry international cargo and products through countries.

Brazil’s sea

In Brazil, maritime transport is equally crucial. Shipments by sea account for 83.5% of total exports by the country (which recently hit the record high of US$ 153.2 billion from January to October). Total exported volume reached 521 million tons in the period.

In imports, the scenario is similarly relevant. By the end of October, imports by sea had totalled US$ 113.3 billion, which corresponds to 73.6% of all foreign purchases made by the country.

Brazilian ports export all main products in their trade balance: soybean, soybean meal, maize, mineral products, meat, sugar, cars, coffee, and other consumer goods.

Today, Brazil has 34 public ports and more than 100 private port facilities covering 8,500 kilometres of navigable coast.

Note:
Over 11.9 thousand foreign nationals were given authorization to work in Brazil

Brazil visa blurred 2
 
Brazil is also a country of opportunity for foreigners. Between January and June this year, the Ministry of Labor issued 11,998 permits for temporary or permanent work for professionals from several parts of the world.

Foreign nationals may only work in the country with this document. The majority of beneficiaries are American: 2,170 permits has been issued for these citizens. Then, they  have Filipinos, with 1,224 permits; followed by the Chinese, with 799.

The highest demand for this labor is concentrated in the Southeast. The State of Rio de Janeiro has received 5.3 thousand foreign workers, followed by São Paulo, with 4.6 thousand and Espírito Santo, with 279.

Most of the work contracts are in the areas of science, arts, as well as technicians and directors for organizations.

[Source: Government of Brazil -/- Media Relations]
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Research Study Of WWII Evacuees Suggests Mental Illness May Be Passed To Offspring

NIH Study Of WWII Evacuees Suggests Mental Illness May Be Passed To Offspring

Stroop Report - Warsaw Ghetto Uprising 06b

Population study finds higher risk of psychiatric hospitalization among daughters of female evacuees.

 

Mental illness associated with early childhood adversity may be passed from generation to generation, according to a study of adults whose parents evacuated Finland as children during World War II. The study was conducted by researchers at the National Institutes of Health, Uppsala University in Sweden, and Helsinki University in Finland. It appears in JAMA Psychiatry.

Finnish war children in Turku1

The research team found that daughters of female evacuees had the same high risk for mental health disorders as their mothers, even though they did not experience the same adversity. The study could not determine why the higher risk for mental illness persisted across generations. Possible explanations include changes in the evacuees’ parenting behavior stemming from their childhood experience or epigenetic changes — chemical alterations in gene expression, without any changes to underlying DNA.

“Many studies have shown that traumatic exposures during pregnancy can have negative effects on offspring,” said study author Stephen Gilman, Sc.D., of the Division of Intramural Population Health Research at the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. “Here, we found evidence that a mother’s childhood traumatic exposure — in this case separation from family members during war — may have long-lasting health consequences for her daughters.”

From 1941 to 1945, roughly 49,000 Finish children were evacuated from their homes to protect them from bombings, malnutrition and other hazards during the country’s wars with the Soviet Union. The children, many of them only preschoolers, were placed with foster families in Sweden. In addition to separation from their families, the children faced the stresses of adapting to their foster families, and in many cases, learning a new language. Upon their return, many children experienced the additional stress of readjusting to Finnish society.

During the same time, thousands of Finnish families chose not to evacuate all their children and often kept some at home, but little information exists on the rationale for their decisions. The researchers compared the risk of being hospitalized for a psychiatric (mental health) disorder among offspring of the evacuees to the risks of psychiatric hospitalization among the offspring of the siblings who remained with their parents. Studying the two groups—cousins to each other—allowed the researchers to compensate for family-based factors that can contribute to mental health problems and to focus instead on the evacuees’ wartime experience.

In a previous study, the researchers found that women evacuated as children were more than twice as likely to be hospitalized for a psychiatric disorder than their female siblings who remained at home. For the current study, the researchers linked records from this generation — more than 46,000 siblings born between 1933 and 1944 — to those of their offspring, more than 93,000 individuals born after 1950. Of these, nearly 3,000 were offspring of parents who had been evacuated to Sweden as children, and more than 90,000 were offspring of parents who remained in Finland during the war.

The researchers found that female evacuees and their daughters were at the greatest risk for being hospitalized for mood disorders, such as depression and bipolar disorder. In fact, the evacuees’ daughters had more than four times the risk of hospitalization for a mood disorder, compared to the daughters of mothers who stayed home — regardless of whether their mothers were hospitalized for a mood disorder.

The researchers did not find any increase in psychiatric hospitalizations for the sons or daughters of males who had been evacuated as children.

The study could not determine why the daughters of female evacuees had a higher risk of mental illness. One possibility is that the stresses of the evacuees’ experience affected their psychological development in ways that influenced their parenting style. Another possibility is that the evacuee experience resulted in epigenetic changes. For example, the researchers cited an earlier finding that Holocaust survivors have higher levels of compounds known as methyl groups bound to the gene FKBP5 and have passed this change on to their children. This higher level of methyl groups appears to alter the production of cortisol, a hormone that regulates the stress response.

“The Finnish evacuation was intended to protect children from the many harms associated with the country’s wars with the Soviet Union,” said study co-author Torsten Santavirta, Ph.D., of Uppsala University. “Our observation of long-term psychiatric risk that reached into the next generation is concerning and underscores the need to weigh benefits as well as potential risks when designing policies for child protection.”

The authors concluded that future studies are needed to understand how the experience of war affects the mental health of parents and their offspring and to develop interventions to help families affected by armed conflict.

About the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD): NICHD conducts and supports research in the United States and throughout the world on fetal, infant and child development; maternal, child and family health; reproductive biology and population issues; and medical rehabilitation.

For more information, visit NICHD’s website.

About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation’s medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes, treatments, and cures for both common and rare diseases. For more information about NIH and its programs, visit www.nih.gov.

Reference

Santavirta, T, Santavirta, N, Gilman, SE, Association of the World War II Finnish Evacuation of Children with Psychiatric Hospitalization in the Next Generation. JAMA Psychiatry. Doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.3511

[Source: NIH -/- Media Relations]
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American Samoans Serving In The US Army, A Close Knit Family

Extended American Samoan Family Trains Together at Fort Lee

FORT LEE, Va., Nov. 28, 2017 — Enlisting in the Army with a childhood friend or relative is a generations-old practice meant to bring familiarity and comfort to an experience fraught with stress and uncertainty. So, does signing up with more than one recruit further ease the difficulties associated with initial military training?

The answer is an emphatic “yes” as it relates to members of a Samoan family with a decidedly large footprint here. There are 41 of them enrolled in various Sustainment Center of Excellence courses here, twisting the old adage “strength in numbers.”

“This is good for us,” said 30-year-old Army Spc. Joseph Tauiliili, assigned to Papa Company, 244th Quartermaster Battalion, and the oldest among relatives in various stages of advanced individual training. “We come from American Samoa, and we’re basically thousands of miles away from home. Seeing them by my side keeps me motivated every day.”

American Samoa is a U.S. territory and part of the Samoan Islands, an archipelago that also includes the independent nation of Samoa. It is located in the Pacific Ocean roughly 2,500 miles southwest of Hawaii and a little over 2,000 miles northeast of New Zealand.

Pola Islands Tutuila NPS

The Samoans in training here — first, second, third and fourth cousins — hail from Poloa, an area near the capital city of Pago Pago. All are related to the same malietoa, or chieftain. Their decision to join in close proximity was partly based on strong familial and cultural ties, said Army Pvt. Siiva Tuiolemotu, assigned to Whiskey Company, 244th Quartermaster Battalion.

“We wanted to stick together in training,” the 20-year-old said, noting her country’s communal culture.

Various Courses

Most of the Samoans are training in the Unit Supply Specialist Course taught at the Quartermaster School. A few are enrolled in courses for other quartermaster military occupational specialties, and at least one attends the Ordnance School.

American Samoa, which has struggled economically, boasts strong traditions of military service, Tuiolemotu said. In 2014, a local Army recruiting station was the most productive in the world, according to the Samoa News website. Still, kinship is what drives most to take the oath of service.

“The thing we care about is supporting our families,” she said. “If that means [sacrificing] our lives, yes, we have to fight for them.”

It also is legacy. Many of the soldiers are the latest to uphold family traditions.

AmSamoa Ofu 442

“Most of my siblings are in the military, and I’m the youngest, so I wanted to follow in their footsteps,” said 25-year-old Army Pfc. Vasait Saua, Whiskey Company, 244th Quartermaster Battalion.

Army Pvt. Talalelei Ames said his parents also spent time in uniform and that his father is a retiree. Enduring long periods of separation while they served, he said, his military ties were not strong, but that has changed since he took the oath.

“Wearing the uniform makes me feel I am more connected to them,” the 19-year-old soldier said. “I think it’s pretty awesome. I never had this much fun in my life and never had this much responsibility. Now, I know what my parents went through to protect the country.”

Close-Knit Family

The question of whether the Samoans are a close-knit clan or a loose group of relatives was answered during a recent photo session. Army Sgt. Maj. Micheal Lambert, sergeant major for the Quartermaster School’s logistics training department, organized the gathering. He said there were smiles, hugs and kisses reminiscent of a family reunion. To top it all off, he added, they postured as if performing a traditional dance complete with contorted facial expressions.

“They are definitely a family,” he said.

At some point during their training, the Samoans must face an inherent component of Army life: family separation. The sheer number of Samoans wearing uniforms, however, along with the richness of Samoan culture, is comforting in light of the prospect, Tuiolemotu said.

“I’m the first one who will leave the group,” she said, noting a pending assignment to Fort Riley, Kansas. “I’m not worried, because there are a lot of us out there. I’m bound to meet another relative somewhere. That’s for sure.”

Flag of American Samoa (Pantone)

Video: Forgotten Colonies https://youtu.be/9vit2Myiwro

Video: American Samoa: https://youtu.be/X76AdwV7d_c

[Source:  Terrance Bell/U.S. Army Garrison Fort Lee/US DoD -/- Media Relations]
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