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July, 2016


Dubai Sets Goal Of Becoming The International Hub For 3D printing

World Trade

Open Eyes Opinion


Dubai set to become international hub for 3D printing








DUBAI, 30th July, 2016 (WAM)–Dubai’s active initiatives toward encouraging 3D printing are set to make it the world’s leading destination in this additive manufacturing technology, a leading 3D printing expert has said.

Vice President and Prime Minister and Ruler of Dubai, His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, has recently launched the ‘Dubai 3D Printing Strategy’, a unique global initiative that aims to exploit technology for the service of humanity and promote the status of the UAE and Dubai as a leading hub of 3D printing technology by the year 2030. Dubai has also launched the world’s first fully 3D printed office.

Dominic Wright, Business Development Director at Generation 3D, a 3D printing specialist company, said during his presentation at the monthly CIO Majlis session that Dubai’s initiatives toward encouraging 3D printing will revolutionize its construction sector as well as witness major innovations across other sectors particularly medical and oil and gas.

“Dubai has already taken major steps toward using 3D printing. It’s the world’s first to have a 3D Printing strategy and its measures to have clear plans in different sectors have already laid a strong foundation for the further growth of 3D printing across various sectors including construction, oil and gas and medical,” he said during the CIO Majlis session, attended by more than 25 CIOs from different industry sectors including oil and gas, infrastructure, logistics, finance, energy and IT from across the UAE, at Nakheel Headquarters.

Ahmed Al Mulla, Chairman of CIOMajlis, who is also Senior Vice President, Corporate Services at Emirates Global Aluminium, said, “We have already started to see the transformative impact 3D printing is creating. An integration with other technologies opening further wide room for innovation across all sectors and guided by the vision of our leadership, Dubai is set to lead this transformation.”

According to Canalys, a market research firm, the global market for 3-D printers and services will grow from $2.5 billion in 2013 to $16.2 billion in 2018, a CAGR of 45.7 percent.

Factors such as 3D printing evolving from developing prototypes to end-user products, mass customisation, production of complex parts, government investments in 3D printing projects, and improvements in manufacturing efficiency are expected to drive the growth of the 3D printing market, according to another market research, which expects the 3D printing market to reach USD 30.19 Billion by 2022, growing at a CAGR of 28.5 per cent between 2016 and 2022.

“A significant change has already taken place in Dubai with the initiatives by our leadership. Dubai has the most proactive government, which translates into very proactive society. In terms of focusing on 3D printing, I would say Dubai is the best place to be. The government has definitive plans. Dubai in 3D printing will be one of the biggest players in the market- everything whether it is market for 3D printers, companies who use the technology,” said Wright.

The major benefits of 3D printing, explained Wright, come in the way of cost saving, design flexibility and time effectiveness.

“You are not constrained to old methods, you can build shapes and designs that did not seem possible earlier. All you need to have is the design, in the right scenario, you can build something in one-tenth of the time and save even up to 80 per cent in costs especially because you save a lot in terms of set up costs involved in manufacturing,” he added.

“Companies need to start looking where it can be integrated and whether it is going to be relevant to their industry. Don’t fall behind and let this pass you by but also don’t use it where it’s not necessary.”

Among the challenges the industry in Dubai need to be prepared for are technical support and availability of skilled manpower in this new industry.

Talking about the shift in the nature of employment, he said, “There will be a higher demand for 3D designers, 3D engineers, 3d printing engineers, hardware engineers. People in the related industries should keep themselves updated,” recommends Wright.

Ahmad Al Ahmad CIO of Nakheel, said, “Dubai already has a robust construction sector. Being a frontrunner in using 3D printing for buildings, will further take Dubai ahead of other markets in this sector and set an example globally for others.”

{Source: Emirates News Agency-Media Relations-WAM/Majok}

[Photo credits-featured image: 3D Scanner Science City (fab lab).-© Benoît Prieur / Wikimedia Commons, via Wikimedia Commons]


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Afghanistan Has Been Accepted Into The ‘United Nations World Trade Organization’

World Trade

Open Eyes Opinion


Director-General Azevêdo welcomes Afghanistan as 164th WTO member






Afghanistan joined the WTO on 29 July as its 164th member, after nearly 12 years of negotiating its accession terms. It has also formally accepted the WTO’s new Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA). Afghanistan is the ninth least-developed country (LDC) to accede to the WTO since the organization’s establishment in 1995.

The 30-day countdown to Afghanistan’s WTO membership was activated when Afghanistan deposited the instrument of acceptance for its WTO Protocol of Accession on 29 June 2016.

“I am proud to welcome Afghanistan to the WTO as our newest member,” Director-General Roberto Azevêdo said. “This is an historic day for the country and its integration into the global economy. We arrived at this point thanks to the commitment of President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani and the government of Afghanistan.”

“I congratulate them on this achievement, particularly given the very challenging circumstances,” DG Azevêdo continued. “WTO membership will be a foundation stone in the country’s future development. I also want to commend all WTO members for their support in this process, and their commitment to helping LDCs to participate in the multilateral trading system.”

Afghanistan’s accession package was approved by the Working Party members on 11 November 2015 and by Ministers at the Nairobi Ministerial Conference on 17 December 2015.

TFA Ratification

Afghanistan has also submitted its instrument of acceptance for the TFA, becoming the 90th WTO member and the ninth LDC member to do so. Afghanistan will benefit from special flexibilities in the TFA allowing developing countries and LDCs to determine when they will implement individual provisions of the Agreement and to identify provisions that they will only be able to implement upon the receipt of technical assistance and support for capacity building. The TFA will enter into force once two-thirds of the WTO membership has formally accepted the Agreement. Further details on trade facilitation and the TFA are available here.

 Policy Dialogue on Post-Accession

In preparation for Afghanistan’s WTO membership, a Policy Dialogue on Post-Accession was organised on 11-15 July by the WTO and the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP), in Bangkok, Thailand.  During the Dialogue, which was sponsored by the WTO’s LDCs and Accessions Programme (the so-called “China Programme”), Afghanistan outlined its objectives as a future WTO member. These include attracting foreign direct investment, promoting its exports and building the capacity of its officials to take part in trade negotiations.  

In his opening remarks, Mr. Habibullah Asad Zmaray, advisor to the Deputy Minister of Commerce and Industry Mozammil Shinwari, said: “Afghanistan takes its WTO membership very seriously. As a new member, Afghanistan will play a constructive role in advancing the goals of the multilateral trading system. Trade helps to generate economic growth and will be key in helping the international community achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). With our WTO membership, we have made a major leap forward in ensuring that trade helps us to achieve shared prosperity, economic growth and poverty reduction in Afghanistan.” His full speech is available here.

The outcome of the Policy Dialogue on Post-Accession for Afghanistan was further discussed at the Post-Accession Forum, held in Nairobi on 19 July during UNCTAD 14, where Liberia, another recently acceded LDC, was also present.  Helping LDCs in the first stages of their WTO membership is an important part of the WTO’s work.  A similar workshop on WTO Post-Accession was held for Liberia on 27-29 June in Monrovia, Liberia. Learn more about Post-Accession here.

Nineteen governments are currently negotiating their WTO accession. The full list of WTO observers can be found here.

Afghanistan’s accession commitments can be found in the Accession Commitments Database. The database includes all accession commitments of the 36 members that have acceded to the WTO since the organization was established in 1995.  A summary of the accession commitments is available here.

Learn more about Afghanistan’s WTO accession negotiations here.  

About WTO

The World Trade Organization (WTO) deals with the global rules of trade between nations. Its main function is to ensure that trade flows as smoothly, predictably and freely as possible.

{Source: UN World Trade Organization-Media Relations}

[Photo credits-featured image: A female Afghan employee sews blankets at a textile factory-By Senior Airman Andrea Salazar (U.S. Armed Forces) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons]

[Intext photos: inserted by embedded)]


Norwegian Air Makes It Easy For U.S. Travelers To Vacation In Martinque

World Travel-Airlines

Open Eyes Opinion

Norwegian Air








NEW YORK, NY – (July 29, 2016) – Travel to Martinique, the petit corner of France in the Caribbean, will be easy for U.S. travelers once again during the winter 2016-2017 period as Norwegian Air has announced it will resume seasonal service connecting three major gateways in the Northeast with the island beginning November 10, 2016. The news follows Norwegian’s successful inaugural 2015-2016 winter season serving Martinique from the U.S. mainland.

Norwegian's 737-800 aircraft

As with the previous year, Norwegian’s winter 2016-2017 service to Martinique will feature nonstop flights from three Northeast gateways – New York (JFK), Boston (BOS), and Baltimore/Washington, DC (BWI). New York service will operate three times per-week, while travelers based in Boston and Baltimore/Washington, DC enjoy twice-weekly options as follows:

NEW YORK Tuesdays, Thursdays & Saturdays (starting November 10, 2016)

JFK / FDF: Departing 1:20 p.m. Arriving 7:15 p.m.

FDF / JFK: Departing 8:05 a.m. Arriving noon

BALTIMORE / WASHINGTON DC Mondays & Fridays (starting November 11, 2016)

BWI / FDF: Departing 1:00 p.m. Arriving 6:25 p.m.

FDF / BWI: Departing 8:10 a.m. Arriving 11:40 a.m.

BOSTON Wednesdays & Sundays (starting November 13, 2016)

BOS / FDF: Departing 1:00 p.m. Arriving 6:30 p.m.

FDF / BOS: Departing 8:00 a.m. Arriving 11:40 a.m.

“Norwegian’s continuing winter service to Fort-de-France sends a strong and positive signal to the U.S. market further confirming Martinique’s status as an attractive destination for U.S. travelers,” said Muriel Wiltord, Director Americas for the Martinique Promotion Bureau. “With these nonstop flights, an escape from the winter cold in the Northeast to warm and sunny Martinique is exponentially easier and more affordable to achieve than at any time in the past 20 years. We look forward to welcoming more Americans this winter and validating Martinique’s ranking as one of the ‘Top 16 places to go in 2016’ by Condé Nast Traveler“.

For more information on travel to Martinique, please visit

For Norwegian Air reservations, please visit

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‘Asian Development Bank’ Supports Sri Lanka Reliable Power Projects

World Trade

Open Eyes Opinion

Sri Lanka

ADB Supports Sri Lankan Drive to Deliver Reliable Power to All






COLOMBO, SRI LANKA  — The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has approved a loan of $115 million and $3.8 million in grants  to help Sri Lanka meet its goal of achieving 100% electrification and improve the reliability of its electricity supply, including in former strife-torn areas and on small isolated islands.

The grants comprise $2 million from the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction and $1.8 million from the Clean Energy Fund under the Clean Energy Financing Partnership Facility, a multi-donor facility administered by ADB.

“Sri Lanka’s national electrification rate has gone from 29% to 98% in the space of 25 years, but some areas particularly in former conflict-affected zones and on small isolated islands still struggle with an unreliable power supply,” said Mukhtor Khamudkhanov, an ADB Principal Energy Specialist. “Small island communities are forced to use expensive, inefficient diesel generation sets that deliver only intermittent electricity supplies.

The project will help meet the needs of areas that have been missing out through upgrades to the medium voltage network, the rollout of over 2,300 kilometers of low voltage line extensions, and the construction of hybrid renewable energy mini-grids.”

Hybrid renewable energy systems using a combination of wind, solar and efficient diesel generation, along with the installation of energy-storing long life lithium-ion batteries will provide  a reliable electricity supply for communities on three isolated islands in the Jaffna area of the Northern Province (Analativu, Delft, and Nainativu). A renewable energy micro-grid will also be installed in Western Province.

To upgrade the existing medium voltage network, new lines and associated equipment will be installed, while the rural electrification network will be extended with thousands of kilometers of low voltage lines put in place to connect households to the national grid, and thousands of distribution meters with a remote reading facility installed.

The project includes a micro-grid pilot scheme, financed by the Clean Energy Fund, which will demonstrate cost-effective management of power resources and reduce the burden on the national grid. It is the first time this concept is being trialed in Sri Lanka.

The assistance from Japan will be used to help train rural community members on the safe use of electrical equipment and on potential livelihood opportunities arising from reliable power supplies.  Local community members will also be tapped to work in maintenance teams to carry out basic repairs and to operate and maintain the hybrid systems.

Improvements to the medium voltage network, meanwhile, will enhance the quality and reliability of electricity supplied to more than 493,000 customers, while the rural upgrades will help deliver reliable electricity to over 35,700 rural households.

The project will run for 5 years with an expected completion date in September 2021.

About ADB:

ADB, based in Manila, is dedicated to reducing poverty in Asia and the Pacific through inclusive economic growth, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration. Established in 1966, ADB in December 2016 will mark 50 years of development partnership in the region. It is owned by 67 members—48 from the region. In 2015, ADB assistance totaled $27.2 billion, including cofinancing of $10.7 billion.

{Source: Asian Development Bank-Media Relations]

[Photo credits-featured image: Tea garden in Sri Lanka-By by Anjadora ( [CC BY-SA 2.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons ]

[Intext photo: courtesy of ADB]

Indonesia Sends Buying Mission To Oman

World Trade

Open Eyes Opinion


The MoT Strengthens Trade with Oman through Buying Mission






Jakarta, 28 July 2016 – The Ministry of Trade continues to develop the export market through buying missions. This time, around 20 small and medium enterprises from the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of North Bathinah Oman was introduced to Indonesian entrepreneurs in Jakarta during the buying mission held today (28/7). “We’re certain that a buying mission like this can establish a network of entrepreneurs among entrepreneurs from both countries as one of the efforts to penetrate non-traditional markets,” explained the Director General of National Export Development, Arlinda.

The visit from the Chamber of Commerce of North Bathinah Oman is a strategic step and an opportunity to increase trade and investment between Indonesia and Oman after Indonesia’s integrated trade mission to Oman at the end of March 2016. “The Omani delegates have been informed about Indonesia’s economic deregulation package and they welcomed the opportunities in the economic field that have arisen as a result,” added Arlinda.

The sectors and products that attracted interest from Omani entrepreneurs included tourism, professional workforce, logistics, construction, information technology services, plastic, building materials, food and beverages, and medicine for farm animals. During this buying mission, the Omani Delegates attended a business matching with Indonesian entrepreneurs. This opportunity was used by Indonesian entrepreneurs to further negotiate with Omani entrepreneurs to reach an agreement.

During the meeting, Indonesian entrepreneurs also presented their products to further convince their potential trade partner from Oman. The Chamber of Commerce of North Bathniah Oman also met with the regional government, including the Ministry of Trade, the Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Ministry of Industry.

The Omani entrepreneurs also met with officials from Office of President’s Special Envoy to the Middle East and OIC, the Indonesian Investment Coordinating Board (Badan Koordinasi dan Penanaman Modal/BKPM), the the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KADIN), the National Labor Placement and Protection Agency (Badan Nasional Penempatan dan Perlindungan Tenaga Kerja Indonesia/BNP2TKI).

These meetings were used to discuss opportunities and potential for cooperation between Indonesia and Oman in the economic and trade sector. These series of activities are coordinated by the Ministry of Trades’s Directorate General of National Export Development in collaboration with the Indonesian Embassy in Muscat.

Also supporting these activities are the Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Industry, Indonesian Investment Coordinating Board, the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KADIN), and National Labor Placement and Protection Agency (BNP2TKI).

The Oman delegation is scheduled to conduct visits to Indonesia’s industrial locations (Jababeka Industrial Park and SMESCO) on 29 July 2016. Afterwards, on 30 July 2016, a business forum and a one-on-one business matching will be held with the Chamber of Commerce of West Java on the 4th floor of Menara Kadin West Java. On the same day, there will also be a visit to Saung Mang Udjo. “In the future, it is hoped activities like these could be continues to be held so as to strengthen relations between Indonesia and Oman. Not only to increase trade and investment but also other sectors which benefit both parties,” said Arlinda.

Potential Trade Partner As Indonesia’s potential trade partner in the Middle East, the growth of trade between Indonesia and Oman is still less than encouraging. Statistics Indonesia shows Indonesia’s non-oil and gas trade total with Oman in the 2011-2015 period as a negative growth of 11.88% per year. Indonesia’s non-oil and gas exports to Oman in the 2011-2015 period show a positive trend of 2.85% per year.

Meanwhile, Indonesia’s non-oil and gas import value trend from Oman is a negative 22.50% per year in the same period. The non-oil and gas trade balance between the two countries in the period of January to March 2016 experienced a USD 39.89 million surplus. This value is an increase of 1.15% compared to the same period in 2015 at USD 39.44 million. As for Indonesia’s main export product to Oman in 2011 to 2016 (March), they include palm oil, plywood, motor vehicles, paper and paper products, furniture, non-alcoholic beverages (including milk and non-alcoholic beer), tires, stationery, frozen fish, electronics, and textile and textile products.

{Source: Republic of Indonesia/Ministry of Trade-Public Relations Bureau}

[Photo credits-featured image: Wadi Shab is the most beautiful Wadi in Oman and one of the top attractions.By Ian Sewell [GFDL (, CC-BY-SA-3.0 ( or CC BY 2.5 (], via Wikimedia Commons]


South Africa Arrests Human Traffickers

World Affairs

Open Eyes opinion

South Africa – Human Trafficking

Human trafficking arrests welcomed





Pretoria – The Department of Home Affairs has welcomed the arrest of three people in Rustenburg on charges of human trafficking, following the rescue of 57 Malawian children and young adults by police officers at the weekend.

The three undocumented persons were arrested after the truck they were driving in was pulled over by two police constables who were on routine patrol duty. On inspection, 57 people, including children, from Malawi, were found in the truck.

The department said in a statement on Wednesday the vigilance of the South African Police Services is commendable.

“The documentation of children may be perceived by some as unimportant and inconvenient however it plays a critical part in giving children identity and the rights that come with it. Those who are privy to the modus operandi in modern slavery and human trafficking know that documentation, or lack thereof, is where exploitation begins.

“Birth certificates that share with officials the legal guardianship of a child should not be undermined. They play a critical role in eliminating possibilities for our ports of entry to be negligent or implicit in child trafficking,” said the department.

Home Affairs said it will continue to work relentlessly with other law enforcement authorities in combating human trafficking and other contravention of South Africa’s immigration law.

Several measures to improve the management of movement into and out of the country were recently announced, including the establishment of a Border Management Agency and the Green Paper on International Migration, which is expected to lead to the development of a more comprehensive policy.

The department said as it modernizes its systems and processes, it will continue to support the improvement of security and safety of citizens and other nationals in the country.

{Source: South African Government News Agency/Media}

[Photo credits-featured image:  Houses of Parliament (Cape town, South Africa)-I, PhilippN [GFDL (, CC-BY-SA-3.0 ( or CC BY-SA 2.5-2.0-1.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons]




Europe Is In Its Twenty-Fourth Hour

World Affairs

Open Eyes Opinion

Terrorist Attacks in Europe 









“Europe is in its twenty-fourth hour; the prerequisite for halting the terror is the stopping of illegal immigration”, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade Péter Szijjártó said in a statement issued by the Ministry to Hungarian news agency MTI on Tuesday.

The Foreign Minister stressed that Hungary was shocked to hear that following the four German attacks last week “another barbaric attack has been committed”, this time in France. The Government sends its condolences to the family of the “savagely murdered Catholic priest” and to all the people of France, and wishes the injured a speedy recovery, he said.

According to Mr. Szijjártó the terrorists “have overstepped yet another boundary” with Tuesday’s attack. “It is clear that not only do they want to murder European people, but they want to eradicate our culture, our religion and our civilisation”, he continued.

“It must be stated that Europe is in its twenty-fourth hour. The people of Europe had only a single day without a terrorist attack since the Sunday knife and bomb attacks in Germany, and today more families are grieving or are sitting anxiously beside the hospital beds of their loved ones”, he highlighted.

The Minister stressed: “All responsible politicians must ask themselves the question: do we want to live with fear and terror?” According to Mr. Szijjártó: “The Government has provided its answer: the Hungarian Government was elected by the people of Hungary; it is responsible for the safety of the Hungarian people and this is what determines its decisions”.

“The prerequisite to halting the terror is stopping illegal immigration and this is why Hungary is protecting its own borders and the external borders of the European Union”, the Foreign Minister’s statement reads.
On Tuesday, two attackers entered the church of Saint-Etienne-du-Rouvray in France and took hostage a priest, two nuns and two members of the congregation.

According to a statement by police, the men, who were armed with knives, slit the ageing priest’s throat and severely injured another hostage. The attackers were shot and killed by security forces who arrived at the scene.

{Source: Government of Hungary/Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade-Media Relations}

[Photo credits-featured image: By Bwag (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons]


Solar Impulse 2 Returns To Abu Dhabi

World Affairs

Open Eyes Opinion

Solar Impulse 2

Abu Dhabi rolls out the red carpet as Solar Impulse 2 enters final straight




ABU DHABI, — Solar Impulse 2 (Si2), the solar-powered plane attempting to become the first aircraft in the world to circumnavigate the Earth without using a drop of fossil fuel, will complete its epic journey in the early hours of Tuesday morning, returning to the city where its adventure began in March last year.

The iconic aircraft’s arrival in the UAE capital will mark the triumphant conclusion of a voyage that has taken in sixteen stops around the world, including a number of countries where the investment of Abu Dhabi’s renewable energy company Masdar is already pushing the boundaries of clean technology, extending access to sustainable energy and reducing carbon emissions. Masdar is the official host partner of Solar Impulse 2.

Solar Impulse Initiator and Chairman Bertrand Piccard is piloting Si2 on the last leg of its round-the-world trip from Cairo, bringing full circle an adventure that began when Andre Borschberg, CEO and Co-Founder, departed Abu Dhabi in March 2015. Both men have taken the controls of the aircraft during its pioneering flight.

Anticipation is building across the UAE, with a welcoming committee of UAE and international dignitaries expected to receive Solar Impulse 2 at around 04:00 Tuesday morning, at Al Bateen Executive Airport.

“To have flown more than 40,000 kilometres powered only by the sun shows that solar energy has truly arrived as a viable technology, and has significant potential for wider development,” Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Masdar, Mohamed Jameel Al Ramahi, said. “Solar Impulse 2’s arrival in Abu Dhabi will be an emotional moment for the Solar Impulse team and a proud occasion for the people of Abu Dhabi and the UAE. Our shared commitment to the realisation of a more sustainable future will inspire continued innovation in clean technology and renewable energy long after the Si2’s final flight.”

“Solar Impulse will stand forever as a tribute to human ingenuity and our capacity to work together to solve common challenges,” Al Ramahi said.

Over its entire mission, Solar Impulse 2 has completed more than 500 flight hours, cruising at altitudes of up to 9,000 metres and at an average speed of between 45km/h and 90km/h.

A total of 19 world records have been set, or are still pending with the World Air Sports Federation (FAI). These include Andre Borschberg’s feat of flying for five consecutive days and nights over the Pacific Ocean from Japan to Hawaii, the longest flight duration achieved by any type of aircraft flying solo, and Betrand Piccard’s historic crossing of the Atlantic Ocean, the first by a solar-powered airplane.

Solar Impulse Initiator, Chairman and Swiss pilot Bertrand Piccard said: “Solar Impulse has demonstrated that modern clean technologies can achieve things that were considered impossible a few years ago. Our mission now is to continue to motivate people, corporations and governments to use these same solutions on the ground wherever they make sense – for mobility, construction, lighting, heating, cooling and other uses – to improve the quality of life on Earth.”

Solar Impulse CEO, Co-Founder and fellow pilot Andre Borschberg said: “By flying around the world thanks to renewable energy and clean technologies, we have demonstrated that we can now make our world more energy efficient. It’s not a question of whether it’s possible; it’s only a question of implementation. Solar Impulse is like a flying smart grid: producing, storing and distributing energy in an efficient way. If we can make it work on an airplane, we can make it work in our cities and communities.”

The UAE representative escorting Solar Impulse 2 on its round-the-world trip, Hasan Al Redaini, added: “Abu Dhabi has been a natural partner of the Solar Impulse project, which has captured the imagination of millions people and shed new light on renewable energy as a viable technology.”

Si2 began its epic journey from Abu Dhabi in March 2015, with sixteen stopovers along the way in Oman, India, Myanmar, China, Japan, the United States, Spain and Egypt.

{Source: Emirates News Agency-Media Relations-WAM/MMYS}

[Photo credits-featured image: Solar Impulse 2-By Milko Vuille (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons]

Terrorists Embedded In Illegal Immigrants To Europe

World Affairs

Open Eyes Opinion

Immigrant Terrorists

The perpetrator of the German axe attack arrived in Europe with last year’s wave of migration



“The Afghan man who attacked the passengers of a train in Germany on Tuesday arrived in Europe with last year’s wave of migration”, the Prime Minister’s Chief Advisor on Homeland Security György Bakondi told Hungarian news agency MTI on Friday.

According to news reports the 17-year-old, who claimed to be a follower of the Islamic State terrorist organisation, seriously injured several people before he was shot by police who arrived at the scene.

Mr. Bakondi told the press: “During the investigation that followed the axe attack the German authorities were unable to determine the perpetrator’s name and identity, in view of which they requested assistance from several European partner organisations of which the Hungarian authorities successfully identified the young man based on fingerprints collected at the scene of the crime”.

“The Hungarian authorities apprehended the young Afghan on 23 June 2015 in Ásotthalom (near the Hungarian-Serbian border), but he left the receiving station for an unknown location while his asylum request was still being processed. Attempts to find him were unsuccessful and accordingly the Hungarian authorities discontinued the asylum proceedings”, the Chief Security Advisor said.

According to Mr. Bakondi, the incident highlights the extreme security risks that go hand-in-hand with illegal migration, and the fact that there is a close relationship between terrorism and immigration.

{Source: Government of Hungary-Media Relations-(MTI)

[Photo credits-featured image:  Illegal Migrants at Munich train station-By Wikiolo derivative work: MagentaGreen [CC BY-SA 4.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons]



Rio Olympics – The Threat Of Terrorism

World Affairs

Open eyes opinion

Rio Olympics








ABU DHABI, – The English language daily ‘Gulf Today’ opened its editorial today by saying it seems to be a beleaguered Brazil that’s greeting the Rio Olympics.

On the eve of hosting the world’s largest sporting event, Rio de Janeiro’s decade-long drive to stem violence in hundreds of slums appears to be cutting a sorry figure. Murders rose sharply in the first half of 2016. Shootouts erupt daily.

Police, in turn, are increasingly under attack: 61 have been killed in Rio since January, the majority while off duty.

The threat of terrorism is not far behind. The arrest of ten people in Brazil for plotting a huge attack at the Rio Olympics shows that terrorism knows no boundaries or people.

Brazilian Justice Minister Alexandre Moraes has said all the suspects are from Brazil and one is a minor.

The group, described as “absolutely amateur” by the minister, were in contact via internet messaging groups.

The detainees are suspected of pledging allegiance to Daesh through social media apps and discussing the use of weapons to carry out an attack.

Two more suspects are said to be on the loose just two weeks before the Olympics begin on 5 August.

The group is not thought to be directly linked to Daesh but is reported to have tried to make contact with the extremist organisation.

Terrorist attacks have increased after the Bastille Day attack in Nice. On Tuesday, a Brazilian jihadist group, not yet confirmed to be the same group that has been arrested, became the first in South America to pledge loyalty to Daesh.

Though Brazil has no history of conflict with known militant groups, the Games have made the Latin American country a more likely target, particularly because of participation by countries fighting Daesh.

Brazil has planned massive security arrangements during the Olympics. It will deploy about 85,000 soldiers, police and other security personnel, more than twice as many in place for the London Olympics in 2012.

Daesh has always used acts of mass terrorism directed against civilians as a way of showing its influence grabbing the headlines. It is part of its strategies at all times, but particularly when it is suffering losses and hopes are rising that it is not only retreating but has gone into irreversible decline.

One counterterrorism analyst said Brazil was never a target for terrorism. However, with the Olympics barely days away, the authorities seem to be taking no chances. One only hopes that the Olympics go off without a hitch.

{Source: Emirates News Agency-Media Relations-WAM/bashir}

[Photo credits-featured image: Rio at night-By mark goble from Calgary, Canada. (Rio De Janeiro) [CC BY 2.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons]]


U.S. General Dunford : Aviation Gives Afghan Force An Advantage

World Affairs-Defense

Open Eyes Opinion


Dunford Says Aviation Brings ‘Asymmetric Advantage’ to Afghan Force




KABUL, Afghanistan — As the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff attended briefings at the U.S. Air Force’s 438th Air Expeditionary Wing at Kabul International Airport here, a special delivery arrived for the Afghan air force.

Marine Gen. Joseph F. Dunford Jr., chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, meets with Afghan Air Force Brig. Gen. Eng A. Shafi, during an assessment of the Train, Advise, Assist Command-Air (TAAC-Air), in Kabul, Afghanistan, July 16th, 2016. Dunford met with key leadership and received briefings about the progress of the Afghan air force and its partnership with TAAC-Air as part of his overall assessment of the Resolute Support mission. DoD Photo by Navy Petty Officer 2nd Class Dominique A. Pineiro

Marine Gen. Joseph F. Dunford Jr., chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, meets with Afghan Air Force Brig. Gen. Eng A. Shafi, during an assessment of the Train, Advise, Assist Command-Air (TAAC-Air), in Kabul, Afghanistan, July 16th, 2016. Dunford met with key leadership and received briefings about the progress of the Afghan air force and its partnership with TAAC-Air as part of his overall assessment of the Resolute Support mission. DoD Photo by Navy Petty Officer 2nd Class Dominique A. Pineiro

Five new MD-530 Cayuse Warrior helicopters were wheeled off a C-17 Globemaster IIItransport from Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Washington. The attack helicopters were moved into position where Marine Corps Gen. Joe Dunford would soon inspect those and other aircraft used by Afghan forces in the fight against the Taliban.

Air Force Lt. Col. James Detweiler, the 438th Air Expeditionary Advisory Group deputy commander, said the 438th Air Expeditionary Wing/ Train, Advise, Assist Command-Air is supporting a functional, capable and sustainable Afghan air force. “It takes quite a while to build an air force, especially when you’re trying to almost build it from scratch,” he said. With the latest delivery, the Afghan air force has 23 MD-530s.

Two new MD-530 Cayuse Warrior helicopters, still with protective wrap on them, are seen at the 438th Air Expeditionary Wing/Train, Advise, Assist Command-Air in Kabul, Afghanistan, July 16, 2016. DoD photo by Lisa Ferdinando

Two new MD-530 Cayuse Warrior helicopters, still with protective wrap on them, are seen at the 438th Air Expeditionary Wing/Train, Advise, Assist Command-Air in Kabul, Afghanistan, July 16, 2016. DoD photo by Lisa Ferdinando

An objective of the training mission is to teach the Afghans how to integrate the air power with other air assets and ground forces, he said. While U.S. pilots are fully trained before undertaking a mission, the Afghan forces are training while executing combat missions, Detweiler said, adding that the Afghan forces are resilient and eager to learn.

“It’s really impressive to watch them work and continue to move through the problem sets and continue training, continue flying combat operations all at the same time,” he said.

Dunford Hails Aviation as ‘Asymmetric Advantage’

Air power, both from the United States and the burgeoning Afghan air force, is a critical element in the fight against the Taliban, Dunford told reporters. “Aviation for the Afghan security forces is an asymmetric advantage for the Afghan security forces,” he said on his plane after concluding the July 14-17 visit to Afghanistan. “I think that is what’s going to allow them to continue to maintain momentum this year.” A priority of the trip, he pointed out, was to see the Afghan air force and talk about recapitalizing the Afghan air force, which he described as a “major combat multiplier.”

Marine Corps Gen. Joe Dunford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, meets with members of the Train, Advise, Assist Command-Air in Kabul, Afghanistan, July 16, 2016. Dunford met with key leaders and received briefings about the progress of the Afghan air force and its partnership with TAAC-Air as part of his overall assessment of the Resolute Support mission. DoD photo by Navy Petty Officer 2nd Class Dominique A. Pineiro

Marine Corps Gen. Joe Dunford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, meets with members of the Train, Advise, Assist Command-Air in Kabul, Afghanistan, July 16, 2016. Dunford met with key leaders and received briefings about the progress of the Afghan air force and its partnership with TAAC-Air as part of his overall assessment of the Resolute Support mission. DoD photo by Navy Petty Officer 2nd Class Dominique A. Pineiro

Aircraft in Afghanistan’s fleet include C-130s and A-29s, while the United States can provide a variety of air support, including with unmanned aerial vehicles, fixed-wing aircraft, helicopters, reconnaissance flights, and lift for resupply, military officials said.

Building Confidence

In an interview at Resolute Supportheadquarters, Army Maj. Gen. Richard Kaiser reiterated the process in building an air force, but said the Afghans are doing well and have proven very effective. Kaiser is the commander of Combined Security Transition Command Afghanistan and Resolute Support’s deputy chief of staff for security assistance.

Members of the Afghan air force wheel out a new MD-530 Cayuse Warrior helicopter at the 438th Air Expeditionary Wing/Train, Advise, Assist Command-Air in Kabul, Afghanistan, July 16, 2016. DoD photo by Lisa Ferdinando

Members of the Afghan air force wheel out a new MD-530 Cayuse Warrior helicopter at the 438th Air Expeditionary Wing/Train, Advise, Assist Command-Air in Kabul, Afghanistan, July 16, 2016. DoD photo by Lisa Ferdinando

He welcomed the delivery of the five MD-530s, saying those helicopters are another element in building a strong air force for Afghanistan. “The ability for the Afghans to have an air force that they can look at [and] rely upon has absolutely built their confidence up,” Kaiser said.

The increased capabilities of the Afghan forces, coupled with a renewed international commitment to Afghanistan, have encouraged the Afghan people and the security forces, said Army Gen. John W. Nicholson, the commander of Resolute Support and U.S. Forces Afghanistan, who spoke in a separate interview here.

“The ability to help the Afghan security forces when they are on the offense is really where we want to be,” Nicholson explained, “because when they have the initiative, when they’re on the offense, when they’re taking the fight to the enemy, that’s how they are going to be successful.”

The general expressed confidence in the future of Afghanistan: “I think we’re on a positive trajectory going forward,” he said.

{Source: U.S. Department of Defense-Media relations-DoD News, Defense Media Activity-By Lisa Ferdinando}

[photo credits-featured image: By Staff Sgt. Perry Aston (USAF) ( [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons]

[Intext photos: courtesy of DoD]

Video posted to Youtube by airsource military


Who First Cracked The ENIGMA Cipher?

World Affairs

Open Eyes Opinion

Background Notes: Enigma Cipher Machine








Who First Cracked the ENIGMA Cipher?

During World War II, the Germans used ENIGMA, a cipher machine, to develop nearly unbreakable codes for sending messages. ENIGMA’s settings offered 150,000,000,000,000,000,000 possible solutions, yet the Allies were eventually able to crack its code.

The machine was developed by the Dutch to communicate banking secrets. The Germans bought the patent in 1923 for intelligence purposes. Polish intelligence was able to purchase an ENIGMA at a trade fair and procure a codebook from a French agent.

In the 1930s, the French had recruited a source who had provided numerous classified documents about the machine; they then approached the British, the Czechs, and the Poles, who took the fullest advantage of the information.

Poland was the first to realize that the solution to breaking ENIGMA would most likely be discovered by a mathematician. Polish cryptanalysts as early as 1932 could decode German ciphers and, by 1939, they were able to successfully decipher messages written with an earlier version of ENIGMA using a replica machine that could emulate the way ENIGMA worked.

By 1933, Poland had demonstrated the ability to break those early ciphers and, by the following year, were producing their own ENIGMA machines.

On July 24, 1939, Poland hosted a secret tripartite meeting with the United Kingdom and France to discuss the decryption of messages from the German ENIGMA machine. They explained how they had broken ENIGMA, produced two copies of the machine they had built, and shared technical drawings of their version of “the Bombe,” a device that could find ENIGMA keys by testing tens of thousands of possible combinations.

When Poland was overrun by Germany in September 1939, the Polish as well as French cryptanalysts shared everything they knew about ENIGMA with the UK, which allowed the cryptanalysts at Bletchley Park, including the famous Alan Turing, to finally crack the ENIGMA ciphers.

{Source: CIA-Media Relations}

[Photo credits-featured image: By Bob Lord [GFDL ( or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons ]

[Intext photos: Courtesy of Central Intelligence Agency]